|| This paper mainly analyses U.S. political and economic impacts in the process of industrialization and urbanization at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, and it also discusses the changes of the social structure during that period, as well as the reason and influence of those changes.
The foreword introduces the situation of current research about the White-collar, summarizes briefly the relevant researches of foreign academic communities, introduces the research approach and goal of this paper, defines and explains some main concepts.
Part one introduces the concept, the rise and the characteristics of the white-collar, and explains the relationships between the white-collar and middle class.
Part two analyses the reasons for the formation of the white-collar. It is mainly tracing the origin from the following aspects: economy, education, immigrantion, industrial structure and government functions etc.; among them, the economic reason is the main factor; other aspects are all direct or indirectly under its influences. All these reasons promoted and exerted influence on each other, contributed to the rise of the white-collar.
Part three describes the life style, social participation of the white-collar, which are followed by the analysis of the influences. The characteristics of the white-collar decide their life style and the function in the society. Homogeneous neighborhood of suburban community life and the nuclear family life mode become one of the main symbols of white-collar. As the middle stratum, they influenced the economy, politics and society etc.
The conclusion summarizes briefly the whole paper, and puts forward with some views on the white-collar: first, white-collar as the mental working group serves the function in promoting American economic development, since their emergence makes the United States the strongest country in the world after the First World War. Second, as the middle class, they performed the function of coordination relating the bourgeoisie with proletariat, removing unsteady factors in the society. Third, the employing characteristics of the white-collar make them pursue value of education rather than property thus launched a kind of study-oriented spirits in the United States.